24th CISM-IUTAM International Summer School on "Plant Biomechanics"
- Emmanuel de Langre (Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France)
6 lectures on: Plant interactions with Fluids.
Introduction to plants and ecological systems under flow from individuals to canopies, relevant dimensionless numbers, effect of plants on natural flows, plant motion and vibration mechanics, effect of wind on plants, fully coupled models of wind-plant interactions, aquatic plant-flow interaction, biomimetics, visual rendering of plant motion, interaction with other loads (snow).
- Anja Geitmann (McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC, CAN)
5 lectures on: Biology and Mechanics of the Plant Cell.
General concept of mechanical modeling in biology; anatomy and biology of plant cells; biochemistry of the cell wall; cell wall mechanics and rheology; cytoskeleton and intracellular transport; water relation (osmotic potential, turgor pressure); mechanics of plant cell growth; plant cell morphogenesis and differentiation; quantitative experimentation in cell mechanics.
- Noel Michele Holbrook (Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA)
6 lectures on: Vascular transport in plants.
Cavitation and metastable water, cell wall reinforcement and xylem tension, pit membrane structure and embolism propagation, water transport in roots and leaves, phloem loading and sieve tube structure, water movement between xylem and phloem.
- Oliver Jensen (University of Manchester, UK)
6 lectures on: Theoretical tools and concepts for modeling growing plant tissues.
Constitutive models and elasto-visco-plasticity; mechanics of heterogeneous anisotropic materials; computational methods for multicellular tissues; the plant cell wall as a cross-linked fibre-reinforced material; growth via anisotropic cell elongation; upscaling from cells to tissues; applications to root growth.
- Bruno Moulia (PIAF-INRA, Clermont-Ferrand, France)
6 lectures on: Plant Response to Environmental Stimuli: from Biomechanics to Mechanobiology.
Growth kinematics and dynamics at the organ level, incompatible autostresses in fluid and solid phases as motors of plant growth and posture control, mechano- and gravi-sensing in plants: cellular mechanisms and global control (gravi- and photo-tropism), thigmomorphogenesis, modeling in biomechanics and mechanobiology.
- Karl Niklas (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)
6 lectures on: The Evolution of Plant Biomechanics.
Plants shape/structure/function across evolution, from algae to land plants to wood. Global physical constraints on plants (elasticity, hydrodynamic, diffusion), the unicellular to multicellular transition, the water to air transition, the non-vascular to vascular transition, the primary to secondary growth transition, scaling relations and allometry, genetic algorithm and modeling.